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Bermant, Chaim, The Walled Garden: The Saga of Jewish Family Life and Tradition (Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1975)

Borodina, V.P., et. al., Soviet Byelorussia (Progress Publishers,  Moscow, 1972)

Chase, Thomas G., The Story of Lithuania (Stratford House, Inc., New York, 1946)

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Kassow, Samuel, “Community and Identity in the Interwar Shtetl,” in The Jews of Poland Between two World Wars, edited by Yisrael Gutman, Ezra Mendelsohn, Jehuda Reinharz, and Chone Shmeruk (published for Brandeis University Press by University Press of New England, Hanover and London, 1989) pp. 198-220

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Morgenthau, Henry III, Mostly Morgenthau: a Family History (Ticknor and Fields, New York, 1991)

Nelson, Harold D., ed., Poland, A Country Study (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1983)

Obrebski, Joseph, The Changing Peasantry of Eastern Europe (Schenkman Publishing Co., Cambridge, Mass, 1976) This book is based on Obrebski’s extensive studies of the area of Polesie.

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Spector, Shmuel, “Jewish Resistance in Small Towns of Eastern Poland,” in Jews in Eastern Poland and the USSR, 1939-46, edited by Norman Davies and Anthony Polonsky (Macmillan, London, 1991) pp. 138-144

Stachiw, Matthew; Stercho, Peter G.; and Chirovskyy, Nicholas L.F., Ukraine and the European Turmoil 1917-1919, Vols. 1 & II (The Shevchenko Scientific Society, New York, NY, 1973)

Stanislawski, Michael, Tsar Nicholas I and the Jews (Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1983)

Vakar, Nicholas P., Belorussia: The Making of a Nation (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, 1956)

Vernadsky, George, Kievan Russia (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1976)

Weinryb, Bernard D., “Poland” and “Polish Jews Under Soviet Rule,” two sections in The Jews in the Soviet Satellites, by Peter Meyer, Bernard D. Weinryb, Eugene Duschinsky, and Nicholas Sylvain (Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, 1953) [Sponsored by The American Jewish Committee] pp. 207-369

Zaprudnik, Jan, Belarus at a Crossroads in History (Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1993)

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